jueves, 18 de abril de 2013

"Vecinos en conflicto" reseñado en la revista Diplomatic History

 Pan-American Rivals

Book Review, by Max Paul Friedman

Diplomatic History, Volumen 37, Número 2, Oxford University Press, abril 2013.




Leandro Ariel Morgenfeld, Vecinos en conflicto. Argentina y Estados Unidos en las Conferencias Panamericanas (1880-1955) [Neighbors in Conflict: Argentina and the United States in the Pan-American Conferences (1880-1955)]. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Continente, 2011. 448 pp. Notes, bibliography. $26.00. (paper)
“The friendly face of U.S. dominance in the hemisphere” was David Sheinin’s description of Pan-Americanism, the effort to unify the Western Hemisphere behind U.S. leadership through a series of international meetings from the 1880s up to our own time.1 At most of those meetings, Argentina appeared as the United States’ chief antagonist, putting spokes in the wheel of various U.S.-sponsored projects aimed at political, commercial, juridical, and military cooperation. For its pains, Argentina was cast as the hemispheric villain, whose actions many U.S. officials and academics in both countries judged to be spiteful, irrational, and self-defeating.
Leandro Morgenfeld, a research fellow at Argentina’s Instituto de Estudios Históricos, Económicos, Sociales e Internacionales who teaches history at the Universidad de Buenos Aires, has produced the most extensive and detailed examination of Argentina’s role in the Pan-American process available. His impressive work, based on archival research in both countries, challenges a number of claims about Argentine foreign policy. For example, Argentina’s most famous diplomatic historian, Carlos Escudé, argued that his country’s leaders hurt their own interests by picking unnecessary fights with Washington out of pride instead of pragmatically seeking the rewards of cooperation with the hemisphere’s strongest power.2 Joseph Tulchin understood strained relations between the two countries as a long series of misunderstandings and missed opportunities that were the fault of both sides.3 These and other scholars have echoed some variant of Napoleon’s maxim that the politics of states is to be found in their geography: Argentina’s … 

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